19 May 2022, 15:54
Duma committee supports bill banning foreigners from using surrogate mother services in Russia
Moscow, May 19, Interfax - The State Duma Security and Anti-Corruption Committee has approved a bill banning foreigners from using surrogate mother services in Russia in view of the bill's first reading.
The bill says that only a citizen of Russia could be a surrogate mother. The ban will not apply to marriages between Russian and foreign citizens "in order to prevent discrimination against the rights of a Russian citizen for reasons of the citizenship of the spouse," bill co-author, head of the State Duma Security and Anti-Corruption Committee Vasily Piskaryov said.
According to an explanatory note to the bill, a key factor of the high latency of crimes against children is that children born to surrogate mothers on Russian territory do not become citizens of Russia, since both genetic and de facto parents are foreigners.
The bill mandates Russian citizenship for children born to a surrogate mother from the date of the ban on surrogate mother services taking effect in Russia for foreign citizens and stateless persons.
This will happen in cases when the potential parents or a single woman unable to bear or give birth to a child for medical reasons, are foreigners or stateless persons.
Children will also be recognized as Russian citizens if the potential parents or single women of the kind lose their Russian citizenship as of the date of birth certificate issuance.
The innovations will not prevent the child from leaving with its parents to the parents' country of residence. The only goal is to create additional mechanisms which will protect the rights of underage Russian citizens, including protecting them from crimes committed outside Russia, the explanatory note said.
The mandatory Russian citizenship of such children will allow Russian agencies to exercise control over their life abroad, the bill authors said.
This is a forced measure, Piskaryov said. The Russian state is unable to protect a child born to a surrogate mother whenever the child is taken abroad. In addition, Russia is unable to check the potential foreign parents for possible conviction of crimes against minors and "to make sure of their good intentions."
"There are numerous reports of the unfortunate lives of children born to surrogate mothers that find themselves in sexual slavery or are abused abroad," Piskaryov said.
The bill is co-authored by Piskaryov, State Duma Deputy Speakers Pyotr Tolstoy and Anna Kuznetsova (United Russia), Civil Society Development Committee head Olga Timofeyeva, and Federation Council member Margarita Pavlova.
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